No See Um’s, Biting Midges

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No see um’s/biting midges are a major nuisance along the Gulf Coast of the United States, Florida, South Carolina, Texas, Georgia, and North Carolina.

There are over 4,000 species of biting midges/no see um’s in the Ceratopogonidae family, and over 1,000 in just one genus, Culicoides. The distribution of midges in the genus Culicoides is world-wide; 47 species are known to occur in Florida. Species belonging to the genus Leptoconops occur in the tropics, sub-tropics, the Caribbean, and some coastal areas of southeast Florida.

Dengue Fever

Dengue fever is a disease caused by a family of viruses that are transmitted by mosquitos. It is an acute illness of sudden onset that usually follows a benign course with symptoms such as headache, fever, exhaustion, severe muscle and joint pain, swollen glands (lymphadenopathy), and rash. The presence (the “dengue triad”) of fever, rash, and headache (and other pains) is particularly characteristic of dengue. Other signs of dengue fever include bleeding gums, severe pain behind the eyes, and red palms and soles.

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West Nile Virus

Flying and biting insects are a nuisance to every man, woman and child (and their pets) who long to enjoy the outdoors. But what has been viewed traditionally as an annoyance has now become a serious and potentially life-threatening problem with the arrival of mosquito-borne illnesses such as West Nile Virus. In In 2007, 3630 human West Nile Virus cases were reported.

Mosquitos: Know the Enemy

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Top Three North American Mosquito Species (source: http://www.allmosquitos.com/mosquitos/mosquito-species_.html

There are approximately 2,700 different species of mosquitos throughout the world, and the United States is home to 150 varieties. Species will vary in appearance, location, feeding habits, and in their threat to humans.

The following mosquitos are the most common species found in the United States and Canada:

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